1710 Queen Anne Bronze Medal: A Collector’s Guide

Nestled within the fascinating world of British Military Medals, the 1710 Queen Anne Bronze Medal ‘Capture of Almenara’ stands out as an emblem of historical significance and artistic beauty. Cast to commemorate Britain’s victories during the War of the Spanish Succession, this medal not only symbolises military valour but also serves as a testament to the era’s craftsmanship, particularly that of the renowned engraver John Croker. Its allure extends beyond its historical context, captivating collectors and historians alike with its intricate design and the stories it embodies. The importance of such artifacts in understanding the conflicts of the past, including the broader scope of civil wars and their impact on society, cannot be overstated.

This article will delve into the historical background of the 1710 Queen Anne Bronze Medal ‘Capture of Almenara’, highlighting its creation during a pivotal era under Queen Anne’s reign and the role of John Croker in its design. Furthermore, it will explore the design and symbolism of the medal, offering insights into the visual language of the period’s military recognitions. Collectors and enthusiasts will find valuable information on collecting and valuing the medal, including considerations that affect its market value and appeal. Through a comprehensive exploration of its historical importance and collector’s value, readers will gain a deeper appreciation for not only the 1710 Queen Anne Bronze Medal but also the broader category of British Military Medals, including the prestigious Medal of Honor, within the canvas of history.

Historical Background of the 1710 Queen Anne Bronze Medal

The 1710 Queen Anne Bronze Medal commemorates British triumphs in the War of the Spanish Succession, notably the Battle of Saragossa. This conflict, marked by its extensive duration and complexity, saw Queen Anne’s Britain opposing France and Spain, aiming to curb Louis XIV’s expansionist policies. The Siege of Almenara, a significant battle where allied forces achieved a crucial victory, further underscored the strategic prowess of the British and their allies. Queen Anne played a pivotal role in supporting military campaigns and shaping the geopolitical landscape of Europe through these victories achieved under her reign. John Croker crafted a medal immortalizing her leadership during these tumultuous times, celebrating not just military success but also her governance during Britain’s pivotal victories.

Design and Symbolism of the Medal

The 1710 Queen Anne Bronze Medal ‘Capture of Almenara’ is a masterful representation of early 18th-century artistry, primarily crafted by the skilled engraver John Croker. The front side of the medal features a detailed profile bust of Queen Anne, showcasing her regal bearing and the monarchical aesthetics of the period. This portrait not only captures her likeness but also symbolises her governance and influence during a significant era in British history.

On the reverse, the medal vividly depicts the English and Spanish cavalry engaging at the Battle of Almenara. This imagery serves as a dynamic recount of the military strategies and heroic engagements of the time. The detailed scene encapsulates the tumult and valor of the battle, effectively commemorating the British victory on July 16, 1710.

John Croker’s contribution to this medal extends beyond mere craftsmanship. His design encapsulates a narrative of victory and leadership, embedding deep symbolic meanings within both the obverse and reverse sides of the medal. His signature, marked as “I.C.” on the medal, is a testament to his pivotal role in the artistic documentation of British military history.

1710 Queen Anne Bronze Medal 1710 Queen Anne Bronze Medal obverse

Collecting and Valuing the Medal

Factors Affecting Value

The value of the 1710 Queen Anne Bronze Medal can vary significantly based on its condition, rarity, and historical significance. Key factors include the physical state, with grades like ‘Extremely Fine’ fetching higher prices, and provenance, which adds considerable value if well-documented.

Market Trends and Auction Results

Prospective buyers should thoroughly inspect medals before purchase, as auction houses provide opportunities for viewing. Expert opinions and historical data influence the market value, while descriptions ensure buyer awareness of the item’s authenticity and condition.

How to Authenticate the Medal

Authentication involves verifying the medal’s details against known standards. Characteristics such as weight, 44.17g, and diameter, 48mm, alongside engravings by John Croker, marked as ‘I.C.‘, are critical for confirming authenticity. Collectors are advised to consult with experts to ensure the accuracy of these attributes.


Throughout this exploration, we have journeyed through the rich tapestry of history interwoven with the valorous stories embodied by the 1710 Queen Anne Bronze Medal. This article has highlighted not only the historical significance and artistic excellence of the medal but also its role in commemorating one of the pivotal victories under Queen Anne’s reign. The meticulous craftsmanship of John Croker has been rightfully acknowledged, showcasing the medal as a symbol of both military achievement and the artistic heritage of the early 18th century. For collectors, understanding the factors affecting its value and the nuances of its design adds a deeper layer of appreciation for such historical artifacts.

The significance of the 1710 Queen Anne Bronze Medal transcends mere collectibility; it serves as a bridge connecting us to the past, to the stories of struggle, strategy, and governance that have shaped the modern geopolitical landscape. By appreciating the medal’s value and history, enthusiasts and historians alike contribute to the preservation of this legacy. As we conclude, we are reminded of the broader implications of such artifacts on our understanding of history and their perpetual role in inspiring not only collectors but anyone intrigued by the indelible marks of leadership and sacrifice left on the canvas of time.

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